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About 'Christian Council of Korea'(CCK)

2018-07-20조회수 3,248


About 'Christian Council of Korea'(CCK)




1. What is CCK?


CCK stands for the Christian Council of Korea. CCK was founded in December 1989 and was mainly led by the Presbyterian church. Pastor Kyung-Jik Han (affiliated to the Presbyterian Church) was the chairperson of the Foundation Committee and Pastor Jin Gyeong Jeong (affiliated to ‘Holiness Church’) was the vice Chairman.



2. Purpose of Establishment


During the 5th-9th Presidency of Park Chung Hee, 'The National Council of Churches in Korea' opposed the government’s amendment since it was meant to come to an end at the President’s third term. Kim Jong Pil made efforts to mobilize conservatives in support of the amendment of the President's third term. Thus, the major denominations of the Presbyterian Church aligned and became the controlling force against ‘The National Council of Churches in Korea'.


The conservative Presbyterian Church supported President Park Chung Hee, showing strong pro-government support for the system to be stabilized through a national breakfast prayer service and national prayer service. These forces become more developed under Chun Doo Hwan in the 5th Republic. CCK was then born and formed as the main axis by the Presbyterian church.





3. The Presbyterian Church in Korea


According to the International Bulletin of Missionary Research in 2013 issued by the Overseas Ministries Study Center (OMSC), the total number of Presbyterians around the world was about 18 million, which equals 0.25% of the world population and 3.4% of all Protestants. However, in Korea, the Presbyterian Church accounts for about 70~80% of Korean Protestant churches.


The Presbyterian Church came into the Korean Peninsula from Europe and America in the early 1900s during the end of the Cho Sun era. Korea was then colonized by Japan.  At that time, The Presbyterian Church was active in buying war weapons and materials (donations of airplane, church bells etc.) for the imperial Japanese.


Moreover, even though Christianity is a monotheistic religion, they worshipped Japanese shrines. The Cho Sun Presbyterian Church Presbytery passed an emergency agreement in favor of shrine worship at the 27th General Assembly on September 10, 1938. Crucial evidence of the Presbyterian Church worshipping the shrine was given by ‘Go Shin Pa’ - a Christian denomination formed after the liberation that comprised of pastors and believers who had endured hardships as prisoners of war for having refused to worship the shrine.



4. The current position of CCK in Korea


The main responsibility of CCK is meant to be forming alliances in relief, aid and welfare within Korean Christianity. However, due to its corruption using money to secure an election for the chairman of the CCK and selling/buying pastor certificates, the number of people in Korean Christianity, which was once 12 million, is now decreasing yearly. In addition, due to this corruption, factions were formed including 'The Korea Alliance of Christian Churches (abbr. KACC)' and 'The Communion of in Korea (abbr. CCIK)’.

 


References:

http://www.cck.or.kr/

http://www.newscj.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=493413



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